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    中文姓名 王雪芬
    英文姓名 Syue-Fen Wang
    電子信箱 不公開
    系所名稱(中) 工業與系統工程研究所
    系所名稱(英) Industrial Engineering
    學年度 97
    學期 2
    學位(中) 碩士
    學位(英) Master
    論文種類 碩士論文
    論文語文別 中文
    論文名稱(中) 一手與二手筆記型電腦市場產品利潤最佳化探討
    論文名稱(英) A Study of Product Profit Optimization for Notebook Computer between the First-hand and Second-hand Markets
    頁數 57
    論文目次 摘要 i
    Abstract ii
    誌謝 iii
    目 錄 iv
    圖目錄 vi
    表目錄 vii
    第一章 緒論 1
    1.1 研究背景 1
    1.2 研究目的 2
    1.3 研究流程 2
    第二章 文獻探討 4
    2.1 正向供應鏈 4
    2.2 逆向供應鏈 6
    2.3 正向供應鏈與逆向供應鏈比較 10
    2.4 綠色供應鏈 11
    2.5 再製造 12
    第三章 模式建構 15
    3.1 模式建構之目的 15
    3.2 研究範圍及架構 15
    3.3 研究假設 17
    3.4 符號定義 17
    3.5 數學模型 19
    第四章 模式參數設計與探討 22
    4.1 參數估計 23
    4.1.1 運輸成本 23
    4.1.2 補貼金 24
    4.1.3 處置成本 24
    4.1.4 拆解成本、組裝成本 25
    4.1.5 處理廠能力 25
    4.1.6 材料收益 26
    4.1.7 零件購買成本 26
    4.2 實例參數設定及模式求解 27
    4.2.1 實例參數設定 27
    4.2.2 模式求解 31
    4.3 參數分析 33
    4.3.1回收量比例 33
    4.3.2 零件原料比 36
    4.3.3 新零件比例 38
    4.3.4 處理廠處理能力 39
    4.2.5 運輸成本參數探討 43
    第五章 結論 45
    5.1 結論 45
    5.2 未來研究方向 46
    參考文獻 47


    圖目錄
    圖1-1 研究流程圖.......................................................................................................3
    圖2-1 供應鏈作業流程...............................................................................................5
    圖2-2 逆物流運作模式圖...........................................................................................7
    圖2-3 台灣電子電機廢棄物逆向供應鏈...................................................................8
    圖2-4 組織內部環境化的供應鏈功能模式.............................................................11
    圖2-5 整合性物流之綠色供應鏈.............................................................................12
    圖2-6 逆向物流之架構.............................................................................................13
    圖2-7 再製造系統架構.............................................................................................14
    圖3-1 研究架構.........................................................................................................16
    圖4-1 研究模式流程.................................................................................................22
    圖4-2 一手產品每一期利潤.....................................................................................32
    圖4-3 二手產品每一期利潤.....................................................................................33
    圖4-4 每一期不同回收量比例下之利潤.................................................................34
    圖4-5 不同回收量之利潤.........................................................................................36
    圖4-6 零件原料比.....................................................................................................37
    圖4-7 新舊零件比例.................................................................................................39
    圖4-8 在不同回收率與處理廠處理能力下之利潤.................................................42



    表目錄
    表2-1 正向與逆向供應鏈比較.................................................................................10
    表4-1 運送成本參數.................................................................................................24
    表4-2 處置成本.........................................................................................................24
    表4-3 產品拆解與組裝成本.....................................................................................25
    表4-4 處理廠處理能力.............................................................................................25
    表4-5 資源化價值的材料收益.................................................................................26
    表4-6 零件成本.........................................................................................................27
    表4-7 生產責任業者繳交之保證金額.....................................................................28
    表4-8 筆記型電腦回收量.........................................................................................28
    表4-9 筆記型電腦銷售量.........................................................................................29
    表4-10 筆記型電腦重量...........................................................................................29
    表4-11 已知參數設定...............................................................................................30
    表4-12 一手產品每一期利潤...................................................................................31
    表4-13 二手產品每一期利潤...................................................................................32
    表4-14 單台筆記型電腦之利潤...............................................................................33
    表4-15 不同回收量之利潤.......................................................................................35
    表4-16 零件與原料之成本與收益...........................................................................37
    表4-17 新、舊零件之成本.......................................................................................38
    表4-18 在不同處理廠處理能力與回收率5 %之利潤............................................40
    表4-19 在不同處理廠處理能力與回收率10 %之利潤..........................................40
    表4-20 在不同處理廠處理能力與回收率15 %之利潤..........................................41
    表4-21 在不同處理廠處理能力與回收率20 %之利潤..........................................41
    表4-22 在不同處理廠處理能力與回收率25 %之利潤..........................................42
    表4-23 不同運輸距離之利潤...................................................................................43
    參考文獻 1.Amini M. M., Retzlaff-Roberts D., Bienstock C. C., “Designing a reverse logistics operation for short cycle time repair services,” Internal journal of production economics, Vol. 96, pp. 367-380, 2005.
    2.Dimitrios V., Patroklos G., Eleftherios I., “A System Dynamics Model for Dynamic Capacity Planning of Remanufacturing in Closed-Loop Supply Chains,” Computers & Operations Research, Vol.34, pp.367-394, 2006.
    3.Franke C., Basdere B., Ciupek M., Seliger S., “Remanufacturing of Mobile Phones-Capacity, program and facility adaptation planning,” Omega, Vol.34, pp. 562-570, 2006.
    4.Guide Jr., V. D. R., Srivastava R., “An evaluation of order release strategies in a remanufacturing environment,” Computer Operations Researches, Vol.24, pp. 37-47, 1997.
    5.Hyun J. K., Gerald W. E., “A genetic algorithm-based heuristic for the dynamic integrated forward/reverse logistics network for 3PLs,” Computers & Operations Research, Vol. 34, pp.346-366, 2006.
    6.Jayaraman V., Patterson R. A., Rolland E., “The design of reverse distribution networks: Models and solution procedures,” European Journal of Operational Research, Vol.150, pp. 128-149, 2003.
    7.Jones T., Reverse Logistics-Bringing the Product Back: Taking it into the Future. Strategic Supply Chain Alignment-Best practice in supply chain management, 1998.
    8.Kahraman C., Cebeci U., Ulukan Z.‚“Multi-criteria supplier selection using fuzzy AHP,” Logistics Information Management, Vol.16, pp. 382-394, 2003.
    9.Kara S., Rugrungruang F., Kaebernick H., “Simulation modeling of reverse logistics networks,” International journal of production economics, Vol. 106, pp. 61-69, 2007.
    10.Kim K., Song I., Kim J., Jeong B., “Supply planning model for remanufacturing system in reverse logistics environment,” Computers & Industrial Engineering, Vol. 51, pp. 279-287, 2006.
    11.Kris L., Nico V., “Reverse logistics network design with stochastic lead times,” Computers & Operations Research, Vol. 34, pp. 395-416, 2006.
    12.Kull T., Closs D., “The risk of second-tier supplier failures in serial supply chains: Implications for order policies and distributor autonomy,” European Journal of Operational research, Vol. 186, pp. 1158-1174, 2008.
    13.Mabert V. A., Venkataramanan M. A., Special Research Focus on Supply Chain Linkages: Challenges for Design and Management in the 21st Century, Decision Sciences, Vol. 29, in U.S.A, 1998.
    14.Min H., Ko H. J., Ko C. S., “A genetic algorithm approach to developing the multi-echelon reverse logistics network for product returns,” Omega, Vol.34, pp. 56-69, 2006.
    15.Mitra S., “Revenue management for remanufactured products,” International Journal of Management Science, Vol. 35, pp. 553-562, 2007.
    16.Parija G. R., Sarker B. R., “Operations planning in a supply chain system with fixed – interval deliveries of finished goods to multiple customers,” IIE Transactions, Vol. 31, pp. 1075-1082, 1999.
    17.Pati R. K., Vrat P., Kumar P., “A goal programming model for paper recycling system,” Omega, Vol. 36, pp. 405-417, 2008.
    18.Prahinski C., Kocabasoglu C., “Empirical Research Opportunities in Reverse Supply Chains,” Omega, Vol.34, pp. 519-532, 2005.
    19.Ross D. F., “Competing Through Supply Chain Management: Creating Market–Winning Strategies through Supply Chain Partnerships,” Chapman & Hall, 1998.
    20.Sarkis J., “A strategic decision framework for green supply chain management,” Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 11, pp. 397-409, 2003.
    21.Shear H., Speh T., Stock J., “The warehousing link of reverse logistics. Presented at the 26th annual warehousing education and research council conference,” San Francisco, 2003.
    22.Sheu J. B., Chou Y. H., Hu C. C., “An integrated logistics operational model for green-supply chain management,” Transportation Research Part E, Vol.41, pp. 287-313, 2005.
    23.Shih L. H., “Reverse logistics system planning for recycling electrical appliances and computers in Taiwan,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Vol.32, pp. 55-72, 2001.
    24.Simchi-Levi D., Kaminsky P., Simchi Levi E.,“Designing and Managing the Supply Chain: Concepts, Strategies and Case Studies,” McGraw-Hill international edition, 2003.
    25.Stock, J. R., “Development and Implementation of Reverse Logistics Programs,” Oak Brook Illinois: Council of Logistics Management, 1998.
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    28.Zhiqiang L. C., Nathalie B., “A facility location model for logistics systems including reverse flows: The case of remanufacturing activities,” Computers & Operations Research, Vol. 34, pp. 299-320, 2007.
    29.公開資訊觀測站:http://newmops.twse.com.tw/
    30.行政院環保署資源回收基管會:http://recycle.epa.gov.tw/epa/index.asp
    31.李光曜,筆記型電腦產業第一階機構供應商創新物流營運模式之研究,東吳大學,碩士論文,2006。
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    關鍵字(中)
  • 供應鏈
  • 逆物流
  • 產品回收
  • 二手市場
  • 關鍵字(英)
  • Reverse logistics
  • Supply chain
  • Product recycle
  • Second-hand market
  • 摘要(中) 隨著環保意識的抬頭及歐盟法令WEEE之規範,世界各國開始注重產品回收與再生問題;另因近年來電子產品被大量使用且其生命週期較短,造成從一手市場被汰換的產品數量大增。因此,若能有適當的回收與處理機制,可提升廢棄產品再利用比例,以降低產品對環境之衝擊。而廢棄產品經由回收、拆解、產品再製造的過程能讓產品再銷售至二手市場,或以零件及原料形式再利用。
    本研究建構一數學模式,針對筆記型電腦一手市場及二手市場探討何種環境下的產品有較佳之利潤,透過此模式可知道廢棄產品經過處理再次得到利用價值。本研究也針對二手市場的回收量、零件與原物料回收比例、以及處理廠處理能力進行分析探討,求得在二手市場如何讓產品回收的效益達到最大。


    摘要(英) Due to rising awareness of environmental issues and regulation of European WEEE (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment) directive, most nations in the world have begun to put more efforts on product recycle and reuse problems. On the other hand, because in the daily life people increasingly rely on electronic products that have short product life cycle, which results in more wastes after the products are not used. Therefore, if there is an appropriate recovery and handling mechanism to let these wastes be reused, this will reduce their impact on the environment. Usually, wastes can be sold to the second-hand market in the form of product, part or material after recycling, disassembling, or remanufacturing.
    This study develops a mathematical model for the first-hand and second-hand notebook computer markets to explore which market has better profit. Through this model analysis, we can understand the gain of recycle value from waste products. In addition, this research explores the effect of recycle quantity, recycle proportion of part to material, and recycle plant capacity on the profit in order to study how to maximize the profit of products in the second-hand market.


    指導教授
  • 饒忻 Hsin Rau
  • 繳交日期 2009-09-03


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